Lake Nakuru was first gazetted as a bird sanctuary in 1960 and upgraded to National Park status in 1968. The Park now covers an area of 180 km2 with the surface of the Lake occupying about a third of the Park. It is situated in the Great Rift Valley, about 156 km North West of Nairobi.
The park is flanked by rocky escarpments, pockets of acacia forest and at least one waterfall. It is an all-year-round destination that offers sanctuary to huge numbers of native African animals that include: Waterbucks, Warthogs, Impalas, Rothschild Giraffes, Elands, Endangered Black Rhinos, White Rhinos and, occasionally, Leopards. Huge herd of Hippos have a territory in the northern part of the lake, making for interesting game viewing.
Furthermore, Lake Nakuru supports a dense bloom of the blue-green Cyanophyte Spirulina platensis from which it derives its color and is food source for flamingos. However, the number of flamingos in the park do fluctuates as food conditions change.