Kibale National Park is best known for its number and variety of primates, which include Uganda’s largest population of chimpanzees. An estimated population of about 1450 chimpanzees have been recorded at this largely forested park, 795 sq km in area.
Other notable primates at this park include: the nocturnal bushbaby and potto; the L’Hoest’s Monkey, which is endemic to the Albertine Rift region; East Africa’s largest population of the threatened red colobus monkey; as well as Uganda’s only endemic monkey, the Uganda mangabey. This unique inhabitant of the park was identified as a distinct species in 2007. Other large mammals, such as elephant, buffalo and giant forest hog are present but are rarely seen.
Gazelles are also resident of this park as well as over 372 species of bird including six that are endemic to the Albertine Rift region, namely black-capped apalis, collared apalis, blue-headed sunbird, dusky crimsonwing, purple-breasted sunbird and red-faced woodland warbler. Other ‘Kibale specials’ include the African pitta, green breasted pitta, black bee-eater, eastern nicator, yellow rumped tinkerbird, Kibale ground thrush, brown-breasted alethe, blue breasted kingfisher, Abyssinian ground-thrush and the crowned eagle.